Nepal is a small land locked country located between the two Asian giants namely India and China. It is surrounded by India on the south, east and west and borders China on the north. It has a total land area of 147181 Sq. KM. and a population of 22.73 million. It is situated between 26Â°22 to 30Â°27 north latitude and 80Â°4 to 88Â°12 east longitude. It has a rectangular shape, covers a length of 885 Km east west and an average width of 193 Km north to south. Nepal has arrange of climate zones from sub tropical plains to the alpine along higher altitudes. There is a great variation about altitudes too with the Terai plains having average altitude f only 300 m ace and the Himalayas almost of them being over 6,7000 m. including some flakes over 8000 m. including mount Everest.
On the basis of its physical setting Nepal has been broadly divided into three ecological zones/ regions viz mountain, hills and terai. The mountain region includes the temperate highlands the trans Himalayan valleys. Eight of the worlds highest peaks including Mount Everest lie in this region. The hill regions lie just below the mountains and composed of hills and valleys. The Terai region is the sub-tropical plain in the south of the country. Its topographical extremities govern the climate in the country. Tropical, subtropical, temperate and tundra types are encountered at different altitudes.
Its topographical extremities govern the climate in the country. Tropical, subtropical, temperate and tundra types are encountered at different altitudes. Most of the rivers in Nepal originate in the Himalayas. The Himalayan slackers are the sources of the big rivers in Nepal. The rivers originate in the north and flow southwards towards the southern plains. The three major river systems of the country are the Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali.
The vegetative types found in the country correspond with the altitude. There is the tropical luxuriance in the south to the alpine vegetation in the north. There are many inner rivers valleys, which have their own mixture of vegetations with their associated flora and fauna. Nearly forests cover 29% of land area. About 850 species of birds, 175 species of Mammals, 63 species of reptiles, 20 species of amphibians, and 170 species of fish have been found in Nepal. Furthermore, country has more than 600 indigenous plant families and 320 exotic orchids.
The Himalayan region is sparsely populated due to its harshness. The hilly region is the traditional population zone. The population was more concentrated in this region because the lower plains were infested by malaria. When the malaria got eradicated from these, there has been a steady flow of population from the hills towards the plans in recent years.
Nepal is a multilingual, multi ethnic country. There are five development zones and seventy five administrative districts in the country. Districts are further divided into village development committees (VDCs) and municipalities.
Total Area: 147181.00 sq. km.
Mountain: 25020.77 sq. km.
Hills: 103026.7 sq.km.
Terrain: 19133.53 sq.Km.
2649,4504 (July 2013 est. excluding migrated population in foreign countries )
The share of male and female are around 49-51 percent.
Nepali is national as well as official language of Nepal, however there are various caste and ethnic population speaking various languages e.g. Nepali 47.8 percent, Maithali 12.1 percent, Bhojpuri 7.4 percent, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8 percent, Tamang 5.1 percent,
Newar 3.6 percent, Magar 3.3 percent, Awadhi 2.4 percent, other 10 percent, unspecified
2.5 percent (2001 census). In addition to the above national and local language English is regarded as international language used in correspondence with international organizations. (Source: CBS)
Currency: Nepalese Rupees (Nrs.)
Life expectancy at birth (Yrs): 64.10
Male (Yrs): 63.60
Female (Yrs): 64.60
Per capita income: Per Capita GDP in US$ 750